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    • November 22, 2019 4:47 PM CET
    • https://patents.google.com/patent/US20190058105A1/en?inventor=Salvatore+Pais

       

       

      Abstract
      The present invention is a room temperature superconductor comprising of a wire, which comprises of an insulator core and a metal coating. The metal coating is disposed around the insulator core, and the metal is coating deposited on the core. When a pulsed current is passed through the wire, while the wire is vibrated, room temperature superconductivity is induced.
       
      Classifications
       H01L39/005 Alleged superconductivity
      View 3 more classifications

      US20190058105A1

      United States

      InventorSalvatore Cezar Pais Current Assignee US Secretary of Navy
      Worldwide applications
      2017  US

      Application US15/678,672 events 
      2017-08-16
       
      2019-11-22
       
      Application status is Pending

      I
        STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST
      • [0001]
        The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.
      • BACKGROUND
      • [0002]
        A room-temperature superconductor is a material that is capable of exhibiting superconductivity at operating temperatures of or above 25° C. (approx. 300° K). Several materials have been reported to be room-temperature superconductors, although none of these reports has been confirmed. However, instead of concentrating on the chemical structure of such materials which do not utilize any electrical or mechanical manipulation, room temperature superconductivity (RTSC) in a manipulated current-carrying special composite metal wire may be achieved. The current must be pulsed for maximum effect. This concept enables the transmission of electrical power without any losses and exhibits optimal thermal management (no heat dissipation), which leads to the design and development of novel energy generation and harvesting devices with enormous benefits to civilization.
      • [0003]
        Simply put, RTSC can be enabled in a current carrying special composite metal wire which is abruptly vibrated by mechanical, magnetic, electrical, and/or electromagnetic means. The wire is a bulk (core) insulator with a ‘thin’ coating of a normal metal (such as Aluminum) or other practicable coating. The coating has a thickness on the order of the London penetration depth (but possibly much thicker), and an externally applied magnetic field is applied to the metal. For the electrically-driven vibration, the wire is coated with lead zirconate titanate (PZT ceramic/poor metal), or any other material in which the piezoelectric effect can be induced. Since the RTSC supercurrent may be generated along the metal/insulator interface (boundary), this wire configuration can be termed an unconventional superconductor.
      • [0004]
        The achievement of room temperature superconductivity (RTSC) represents a highly disruptive technology, capable of a total paradigm change in Science and Technology, rather than just a paradigm shift. Hence, its military and commercial value is considerable.
      • SUMMARY
      • [0005]
        The present invention is directed to a piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor with the needs enumerated above and below.
      • [0006]
        The present invention is directed to a piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor that includes a wire comprising an insulator core and a coating, the coating disposed around the insulator core, the coating deposited on the core, the coating undergoes polarizing treatment after the deposition, and, when a pulsed current is passed through the wire, room temperature superconductivity is induced.
      • [0007]
        It is a feature of the present invention to provide a piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor that enables the transmission of electrical power with no losses.
      • [0008]
        It is a feature of the present invention to provide a piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor that superconductivity is achieved from abrupt/accelerated vibration of a wire through use of a pulsed current through the wire.
      • DRAWINGS
      • [0009]
        These and other features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with reference to the following description and appended claims, and accompanying drawings wherein
      • [0010]
        FIG. 1 is an embodiment of the piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor; and,
      • [0011]
        FIG. 2 is another embodiment of the vibration-induced room temperature superconductor.
      • DESCRIPTION
      • [0012]
        The preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by way of example below and in FIGS. 1-2. As shown in FIG. 1, the piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor 10 includes a wire 100comprising an insulator core 110 and a coating 120 (the coating may be a lead zirconate titanate (PZT) coating, Aluminum, or any other material that induces the piezoelectric effect). The coating 120 disposed around the insulator core 110, and the coating 120 is deposited on the core 110. The coating 120 undergoes polarizing treatment after the deposition, and when a pulsed current is passed through the wire 100, room temperature superconductivity is induced.
      • [0013]
        In the description of the present invention, the invention will be discussed in a laboratory environment; however, this invention can be utilized for any type of application that requires a conductor.
      • [0014]
        The enablement of RTSC relates to the superconducting (SC) material chemical structure, but a great deal more to do with what is ‘done’ to the material to make it SC, from a far-from-equilibrium perspective (non-equilibrium thermodynamics). It is important to realize that internal heating within any system enclosure can be greatly reduced by room temperature (300 deg. Kelvin and higher) superconducting wiring, which would allow for lossless transmission of electrical power to its subsystems.
      • [0015]
        There are three parameters which affect superconductivity. The parameters include temperature, current density, and externally applied magnetic field strength. Physically, these parameters have in common one thing, that is, the interactive motion of electric charges, namely electrons. Control of this motion via vibration and/or spin of charged matter subjected to rapid acceleration transients (highly non-linear in nature) may lead to the achievement of room temperature superconductivity, especially if the charged matter is inhomogeneous.
      • [0016]
        At the present time, it is believed that the mechanism of superconductivity can be induced either by bipolarons or Cooper pairing. A bipolaron can be defined, but without limitation, as a quasiparticle consisting of two polarons. A polaron is, but without limitation, a quasiparticle used in condensed matter physics to understand the interactions between electrons and atoms in a solid material. A Cooper pair or BCS pair is a pair of electrons (or other fermions) bound together at low temperatures. An arbitrarily small attraction between electrons in a metal can cause a paired state of electrons to have a lower energy than the Fermi energy, which implies that the pair is bound. In conventional (BCS) superconductors, this attraction is due to the electron-phonon interactions. The important realization is that independent of physical mechanism, the key to observed superconductivity is the strong electron-lattice (phonon) coupling. Strong electron-lattice interactions can be obtained from abrupt/accelerated vibration of a wire; thereby, providing justification for RTSC enablement. As a result, a special composite metallic wire can become superconductive (SC) at room temperature, if you make it abruptly vibrate, while running a pulsed current through it, just like ‘plucking’ a guitar string intermittently. The current must be pulsed for maximum effect.
      • [0017]
        In one of the embodiments of the invention, the wire 100 is a special composite metal wire that may be comprised of a bulk (core) insulator 110 (such as Teflon, or any other non-conductive polymer) with a ‘thin’ coating 120 of a normal metal (aluminum) or poor metal (PZT ceramic). The coating 120 has a thickness on the order of the below described London penetration depth (but possibly much thicker), and the wire 100 is given an externally applied magnetic field. Arguably, this wire configuration may be termed an unconventional superconductor, since the RTSC supercurrent may be generated along the interface (boundary) between the coating 120 and the core insulator 110 of the wire. This is due to the abrupt change in state between the coating 120 and the insulator core 110, analogous to an abrupt phase transition occurring along the coating/insulator interface, which spontaneously breaks symmetry and thereby induces superconductivity. This abrupt change in state (phase transition) occurs as the wire 100 is abruptly vibrated and occurs at the boundary between the coating 120 and the bulk insulator 110, as various states of charged matter (coating 120) and non-charged (insulator core 110) matter are thrown into a state of coherent superposition.
      • [0018]
        As shown in Equation 1, the expression for the London penetration depth (λL) can be written as:

      • λL=[m S/(μ0 n S q S 2)]1/2  (Equation 1),
      • wherein, mis the mass of the superconducting charge carriers (electrons), where μis the magnetic permeability of free space, nis the number density of superconducting charge carriers, and qis e or the electron charge.
      • [0019]
        Given that the superconducting charge carriers (of mass mS, where μis the magnetic permeability of free space) are electrons (qS=e, electron charge), with a number density of superconducting charge carriers (nS) on the order of 1020/cm(endemic of unconventional superconductors such as Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide or YBCO), the London penetration depth, and hence the thickness of the coating 120 of the wire 100 is on the order of micron(s). However, this thickness could be much greater, if practicable.
      • [0020]
        Consider an experimental set-up at standard room temperature and pressure, where a current carrying Al-coated wire (in a cylindrical configuration) is mechanically vibrated in an abrupt/accelerated manner by being struck with a non-conductive element, such as a Teflon pick, in order to generate accelerated vibrations. A more effective means of vibrating a wire in tension is by use of an electromagnetic (EM) plucking coil located in close proximity to the wire. The coil is rapidly energized and de-energized using either DC or AC current. The induced magnetic flux couples with the wire. Additionally, the wire coating can be doped with ferrite inclusions (species), such as, but not limited to iron or steel. Alternatively, the wire coating can be doped with sub-micron sized ferrite particles so that is becomes highly responsive to the electro-magnetic (EM) forces exerted by the plucking coil. However, this EM method of vibration may not be conducive to RTSC, since the mechanically-plucked Al-coated composite wire may fail the Meissner effect test for superconductivity, and not be able to expel the flux lines of the externally applied magnetic field. Further consider the electrically-driven vibration version of this idea, whereby a non-Al coated wire coated with lead zirconate titanate (PZT) is abruptly vibrated by having an electrical potential difference applied along its PZT coating, thus inducing wire vibration via the piezoelectric effect. Coupling of both mechanical and non-mechanical vibrations in an accelerated vibration mode subjected to rapid acceleration transients can be considered for possible amplification of system non-linearities, which can induce spin fluctuations in the metallic portion of the wire. Moreover, it has been shown that micrometer-size PZT thin film deposits can excite high vibration frequencies, exceeding 100 MHz, which would generate high EM fluxes in an outward direction, from the surface of the current-carrying composite wire. This method of vibration would be greatly conducive to superconductivity, since enablement of the Meissner effect would be possible. The current through the wire 100 can be pulsed for maximum effect. An EM plucking coil can also be used in conjunction with this piezoelectrically driven wire vibration method, thus generating differential vibrations, in order to control and augment spin fluctuations and therefore mediate long range phase coherence, which along with electron pairing gives rise to the onset of room temperature superconductivity.
      • [0021]
        There are three characteristics that a material must possess in order to be superconductive, a state of matter which constitutes a macroscopic quantum phenomenon. Such a material occupies a unique place in condensed matter physics. The three characteristics are perfect diamagnetism (the Meissner effect), perfect electrical conductivity (zero electrical resistance), and macroscopic quantum coherence (the ability of a portion of the constituent particles—electrons in a superconductor to fall into lock step and move in a highly organized orderly fashion, in other words to form a macroscopic matter wave). Considering that the current carrying wire 100 is abruptly vibrated by mechanical or piezoelectric means, this will generate a magnetic field which would exclude (expel) the magnetic field lines of an externally applied magnetic field, thus enabling a condition of perfect diamagnetism (exhibiting the Meissner effect), thus the present invention meets the first requirement for superconductivity.
      • [0022]
        For the vibrated wire, as shown in Equation 2, the condition for the Meissner effect to occur can be expressed as the maximum magnetic flux density (induction) as compared to the maximum magnetic induction from an externally applied magnetic field, namely:

      • [(μ0 I/R)+(μ0 σA vωv 2 Δt)]≥(B E)MAX  (Equation 2),
      • where μis the magnetic permeability of free space, I is a time independent current through the wire, R is the wire radius, σ is the wire surface charge density, Ais the accelerated vibration amplitude, ωis the accelerated vibration frequency, Δt is the total time interval for which the wire is vibrated, and (BE)MAX is the magnetic induction from an externally applied magnetic field. Note that Equation 2 is not a function of temperature and thus not a function of T(the critical temperature below which the wire becomes superconductive), thus the condition for the Meissner effect (perfect diamagnetism) becomes possible at room temperature. It is important to also note that the main driving parameter in this expression is the accelerated vibration frequency (ωv), which solely exhibits a second power (non-linear) term.
      • [0023]
        In the present invention, since only the coating 120 of the wire 110 carries a charge due to the current, in the insulator core 110 or wire bulk, there is no charge motion. This means that the magnetic induction within the insulator core 110 or wire bulk (B) is zero, hence dB/dt, the time rate of change of B is zero as well (the two conditions for deriving the London equation describing the superconducting state, from the Maxwell equations). From Faraday's law we obtain that the curl of the electric field under (dB/dt=0) condition is zero. Combining this result with the form of Ohm's law relating electric field strength with the product of current density and electrical resistivity (time independent), it can be shown that the electric field must be zero (since we have current) only under the condition of zero electrical resistivity, hence perfect electrical conductivity. Thus, the present invention meets the second requirement for superconductivity mentioned above.
      • [0024]
        The third requirement for superconductivity, namely the enablement of macroscopic quantum coherence is best described by the conventional BCS (Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer) theory, as follows. As the current courses along the wire 100, particularly along the coating 120, the lattice ionic vibrations (electron-phonon interactions) will create an attractive force between electrons (of opposite spins and opposite momentum), which normally want to repel one another, due to Coulomb repulsion. Thus, electron pairs, named Cooper pairs, will be formed, which will subsequently condense into a single quantum mechanical state, represented by a unique wave function. This is equivalent with macroscopic quantum coherence and can be further exemplified by the creation of the ‘supercurrent’ in the ‘gap’ material of a Josephson junction. In the present invention, under room temperature conditions, the thermal agitations (fluctuations)-induced lattice vibrations will couple with the artificially induced (by purely mechanical or piezoelectric means) vibrations of the lattice ions, produced by the abrupt (accelerated) vibration of the wire 100, to generate a virtual ‘soup’ of fluctuations, a highly non-linear, far-from-equilibrium environment in the coating 120 of the wire 100.
      • [0025]
        It is a well-known facet of quantum field theory that everything can be described in quantum mechanical terms. The complex interactions between a physical system and its surroundings (environment), disrupt the quantum mechanical nature of a system and render it classical under ordinary observation. This process is known as decoherence. However, it is argued that we can retard (delay) decoherence (and possibly even suppress it—namely decouple a physical system from the environment) by accelerated spin and/or accelerated vibration of electrically charged matter under rapid acceleration transients. This may be the very condition to achieve a state of macroscopic quantum coherence, the idea being that we never let the system achieve thermodynamic equilibrium, by constantly delaying the onset of relaxation to equilibrium (hence the production of maximal entropy is delayed). The system may “violently” react by generating “anomalous” emergent phenomena, such as room temperature superconductivity.
      • [0026]
        The Prigogine effect as discussed in a peer-reviewed published paper by the inventor, “The high energy electromagnetic field generator” published in Int. J. Space Science and Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015 pp. 312-317, teaches us that under three conditions, a chaotic system (the aforementioned ‘soup’ of fluctuations) can self-organize into an orderly state, equivalent to the state of macroscopic quantum coherence. These conditions are the existence of a highly non-linear medium, an abrupt departure far-from-thermodynamic equilibrium, and an energy flux (caused by the intermittent abrupt vibration of the wire) to maintain the process of self-organization (order from chaos). This shows that the present invention has macroscopic quantum coherence, fulfilling the final requirement for superconductivity. As shown above, all three conditions for superconductivity are met by the present invention, thus, as a result, room temperature superconductivity is herein established and enabled.
      • [0027]
        It is possible that the key to superconductivity (and especially RTSC) is the enablement of local macroscopic quantum coherence, namely the ability of a macroscopic object to act as if quantum mechanical in nature exhibiting such phenomena as superposition, entanglement, tunneling. In summary, one can argue that the synthesis of three physical mechanisms, namely the Meissner effect, the Cooper effect (or bipolaron formation), and the Prigogine effect leads directly to the possibility of room temperature superconductivity, at least in a special composite metal wire. Therefore, the RTSC supercurrent may be generated along the interface (boundary) between the normal or poor metal (coating 120) and the insulator portions (insulator core 110) of the wire 100.
      • [0028]
        To buttress our argument from an experimental perspective, a recently published paper by M. Mitrano et al., entitled “Possible light-induced superconductivity in K3C60 at high temperature” published in Nature 530, 461-464, on 25 Feb. 2016, shows that “by exciting metallic K3C60 (potassium doped fullerene) with mid-infrared optical pulses, we induce a large increase in carrier mobility, accompanied by the opening of a gap in the optical conductivity”; thus showing the importance of non-equilibrium phenomena in effecting high Tc superconductivity. Even though the fullerene is not a normal or poor metal (as described above), the pulsed light induced high Tc superconductivity is shown to be a direct result of the driving non-equilibrium dynamics, which our argument considers as essential for achievement of RTSC. Experimentally, we may replace the normal metal portion (coating 120) of the wire 110 with Graphene, and observe under what conditions, if at all, RTSC is obtained.
      • [0029]
        Analysis of the fine structure constant (which characterizes the strength of electromagnetic interactions between elementary particles), written in terms of the quantum of magnetic flux, results in the notion that it is the electric charge and its interactive motion within the quantum vacuum that is fundamental to the nature of our Cosmos. If we consider magnetic flux quantization, we can write for the fine structure constant (a):

      • α=e/ϕ 0ε0 c  (Equation 3),
      • where e is the charge of the electron, εand c are the electrical permittivity and the speed of light (respectively) in free space and ϕis the quantum of magnetic flux. The term ϕmay be written as h*/(2e), where h* is Planck's constant divided by 2π. The fact that the fine structure constant can be expressed as a function of (2e) shows how important the notion of electron pairing is in the composition of the Universe, and gives credence to the theory that the fundamental cosmic meta-structure may be thought of as a charged superfluid, in other words, a superconducting condensate. Therefore, by controlling this interactive motion under the non-equilibrium condition of charged matter subjected to rapid acceleration transients, numerous advancements in science and technology may arise, room temperature superconductivity being one such advance, arguably an Emergent Physical Phenomenon. Electron pairing is the keystone of superconductivity, without which its physical mechanism cannot stand. At high temperatures it is only the moderately strong non-linear electron-phonon (lattice vibrations) interactions that can induce electron pairing. It may be possible that the electron pairing mechanism is not caused by an electron-phonon (phononic) coupling but by an electron-electron (electronic) coupling, which does not use phonon mediation to induce attraction between electrons. Phononic may be defined as, but without limitation, as phonon-like. It is of particular interest to note that such a purely electronic coupling was proposed to explain the superconductivity mechanism in a thin (a few atomic layers thick) metallic film deposited on a dielectric (insulator) substrate. Moreover, a hybrid coupling, both electronic and phononic in nature was suggested for explaining experimentally observed indications of near-room temperature superconductivity (313° K) in the interface between a thin Aluminum film deposited on a PZT substrate.
      • [0030]
        Along with electron pairing, it is the existence of spin fluctuations which induces long range phase coherence in solids, thereby giving rise to superconductivity. In order to generate and amplify both non-linear electron-phonon interactions and spin fluctuations in superconducting solids at room or higher temperatures, we must produce strong electron-lattice interactions which may be achieved by abrupt vibration of a composite metallic wire, through which a current is abruptly pulsed. With these ideas in mind, consider the preferred embodiment of the inventive concept, namely a composite metallic wire 100 composed of an insulator core 110 overlaid with a thin coating 120 of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric ceramic, through which a current is flowing using a pulsed current source, as portrayed in FIG. 1. In one of the preferred embodiments, the PZT coating 120 is deposited on the insulator substrate by using a vacuum evaporation method.
      • [0031]
        The insulator core 110 can be made from Teflon or any other flexible polymer, which displays non-conductive properties. In other embodiments, the coating 120 may be barium strontium titanate (toxicity must be considered) or any other poor metallic/ceramic material which displays good piezoelectric characteristics (deformation under applied electrical potential difference).
      • [0032]
        In another embodiment, the PZT coating 120 may undergo a polarizing (poling) treatment prior to RTSC enablement, so that optimal domain alignment is obtained within the ceramic coating 120, ensuring vibration in one particular direction. Polarizing (poling) treatment may be conducted, but without limitation, by subjecting the coating 120 to a strong dc current electric field, slightly below the Curie temperature (approx. 200° C., but possibly as high as 360° C., depending on PZT ceramic composition). Furthermore, to increase the probability of vibration in one particular direction, as well as to alleviate the brittle nature of the ceramic material, the coating 120 may be composite PZT and a highly conductive polymer, such as p-Terphenyl. Alternatively, the coating 120 may be a layer of PZT disposed between two layers of aluminum, resulting in a wire design which may be planar rather than cylindrical in nature. This composite coating design would amplify piezoelectrically-induced vibrations and possibly render them unidirectional.
      • [0033]
        In another embodiment of the invention, the coating 120 may be a composite wire coating 120 made from aluminum, possibly doped with PZT and/or ferrite species, for amplification of spin fluctuations (non-linear magnetic effects). FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the invention, which includes a helical coil 200 that is wound around the wire 100 or circumferentially positioned around the wire 100/coating 120, in such a manner as to induce a strong time-variant magnetic field in the wire, while current is being pulsed through the wire 100, as well as through the coil 200 at different frequencies. This excites highly non-linear modes of vibration in the wire 100, thereby amplifying spin fluctuations within the coating 120, which mediate long-range phase coherence, and may give rise to room temperature superconductivity. The helical coil 200 can be made from the same material as the wire 100, so that it can also become room temperature superconductive as current is pulsed through it.
      • [0034]
        It is of interest to consider the isotope effect in superconductors, for which the critical temperature Tcan be scaled with (M−a), where the exponent (a) can be higher than 0.5 for unconventional superconductors (high Tsuperconductors such as YBCO); for the sake of simplicity we have a=1, where M is the ionic mass. Considering a classical Newtonian second law expression using the Lorentz electromagnetic force (under accelerating vibration of frequency Ω), we can relate the vibrating mass (M) with its vibrating charge (Q), in that (M) becomes directly proportional to the square of the ratio (Q/Ω). Therefore, it can be observed that the value of Tcan be directly proportional with the square of the vibrational frequency of the ionic mass, indicative of high Tenablement with accelerating vibration of the wire.
      • [0035]
        In order to understand the electron pairing mechanism in the present invention, consider a simplified model for the ionic crystal lattice of the wire coating 120 which features a matrix of two rows and multiple columns of positive ions. Through this matrix, two fast electrons (pulsed current) move horizontally, a front electron and a rear electron. Recall that the current is abruptly pulsed through the metallic portion of the wire 100, while the wire 100 is abruptly vibrated. This means that the lattice ions will be moving furiously toward each other, in the direction of wire vibration which for the sake of simplicity, say that is vertical in motion (the frequency of pulsed current must be higher than the frequency of wire vibration). It is important to realize that for high frequencies of wire vibration, the thermal energy given by the Boltzmann relation (E=k T), where k is the Boltzmann constant (8.62×10−5 eV/° K) and T is room temperature (300° K), is far exceeded by the vibration energy of the wire. This means that the most important fluctuations are those of the lattice ions themselves, induced by the wire vibration. As the top and bottom lattice ions approach each other vigorously, they just as strongly rebound due to the Coulomb repulsion force acting between them. When the front electron approaches the gap between the two ions, the front electron is fast enough to pass through the ion gap and not collide with the lattice, because the electron speed is determined by the pulsed current. However, as the two lattice ions approach each other (permitting the front electron through), an enhanced positive charge region is formed between them. It is this enhanced positive charge region which decelerates the front electron while accelerating the rear electron toward it. As the two electrons approach each other, they pair up at much higher energies then Cooper pair formation (>10−3 eV). This results in creating a superconductive condition at room temperature.
      • [0036]
        When introducing elements of the present invention or the preferred embodiment(s) thereof, the articles “a,” “an,” “the,” and “said” are intended to mean there are one or more of the elements. The terms “comprising,” “including,” and “having” are intended to be inclusive and mean that there may be additional elements other than the listed elements.
      • [0037]
        Although the present invention has been described in considerable detail with reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof, other embodiments are possible. Therefore, the spirit and scope of the appended claims should not be limited to the description of the preferred embodiment(s) contained herein.

    • November 22, 2019 4:41 PM CET
    • http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2019/0295733.html

       

      Plasma Compression Fusion Device 
      Document Type and Number:
      United States Patent Application 20190295733 
      Kind Code:
      A1 
      Abstract:
      A plasma compression fusion device which includes a hollow duct and at least one pair of opposing counter-spinning dynamic fusors. The hollow duct includes a vacuum chamber disposed within the hollow duct. Each dynamic fusor has a plurality of orifices and an outer surface which is electrically charged. In combination, the pair(s) of dynamic fusors create a concentrated magnetic energy flux and electromagnetic radiation within the vacuum chamber, whereby the concentrated magnetic energy flux compresses a mixture of gases that are injected through the orifices to the vacuum chamber such that a plasma core is created, and the to electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core, while produced magnetic fields confine the plasma core between the dynamic fusors, such that when an additional mixture of gases is introduced into the plasma core through the orifices, an energy gain is created. 

       

       




      Inventors:
      Pais, Salvatore (Callaway, MD, US)  
      Application Number:
      15/928703 
      Publication Date:
      09/26/2019 
      Filing Date:
      03/22/2018 
      View Patent Images:
      Assignee:
      United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy (Patuxent River, MD, US)  
      International Classes:
      G21B1/05G21B1/17G21B1/21
      Primary Examiner:
      VAN LINGEN, RENE F 
      Attorney, Agent or Firm:
      Department of the Navy ((Naval Air Warfare Center -Aircraft Division) 47076 Lijencreantz Road, B435 PATUXENT RIVER MD 20670)  
      Claims:
      What is claimed is:

      1. A plasma compression fusion device comprising: a hollow linear-duct having a vacuum chamber disposed within the hollow linear-duct; one pair of opposing, smoothly curved-headed, counter-spinning conical structures disposed within the hollow linear-duct, each counter-spinning conical structure having a plurality of orifices and an outer surface which is electrically charged, and in combination the pair create a concentrated magnetic energy flux and electromagnetic radiation within the vacuum chamber, whereby the concentrated magnetic energy flux compresses a mixture of gases that are injected through the orifices to the vacuum chamber such that a plasma core is created, and the electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core, while produced magnetic fields confine the plasma core between the counter-spinning conical structures, such that when an additional mixture of gases is introduced into the plasma core through the orifices, an energy gain is created.  

      2. A plasma compression fusion device comprising: a hollow cross-duct having a vacuum chamber disposed within the hollow cross-duct; at least two pairs of opposing, smoothly curved-headed, counter-spinning conical structures disposed within the hollow cross-duct, each counter-spinning conical structure having a plurality of orifices and an outer surface which is electrically charged, and in combination all the pairs create a concentrated magnetic energy flux and electromagnetic radiation within the vacuum chamber, whereby the concentrated magnetic energy flux compresses a mixture of gases that are injected through the orifices the vacuum chamber such that a plasma core is created, and the electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core, while produced magnetic fields confine the plasma core between the counter-spinning conical structures, such that when an additional mixture of gases is introduced into the plasma core through the orifices, an energy gain is created.  

      3. The plasma compression fusion device of claim 2, wherein plasma compression fusion device further includes hollow shafts, each hollow shaft connected to a corresponding conical structure, the hollow shaft attachable to a gas mixture reservoir supplying the mixture of gas.  

      4. A plasma compression fusion device comprising: a hollow cross-duct having a vacuum chamber disposed within the hollow cross-duct; at least two pairs of conical frustums disposed within the hollow cross-duct, each conical frustum having a plurality of orifices and an outer surface which is electrically charged, and in combination all the pairs create a concentrated magnetic energy flux and electromagnetic radiation within the vacuum chamber, whereby the concentrated magnetic energy flux compresses a mixture of gases that are injected through the orifices to the vacuum chamber such that a plasma core created, and the electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core, while produced magnetic fields confine the plasma core between conical frustums, such that when an additional mixture of gases is introduced into the plasma core through the orifices, an energy gain is created.  

      5. The plasma compression fusion device of claim 4, wherein each conical frustum includes assemblies of electrified grids and at least one toroidal magnetic coil, arranged within each conical frustum, each toroidal magnetic coil is disposed within a space between two electrified grids.  

      Description:

      STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST

      The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

      BACKGROUND

      Thermonuclear fusion involves the forcing together (unification) of light nuclei to form a heavier nucleus, which due to the mass defect occurs with generation of energy, as expressed in the E=mcexpression. Fusion occurs at extremely high temperatures, exceeding the core temperature of the Sun, which is approximately 15 million degrees Celsius. For example, the Deuterium-Tritium fusion reaction occurs at temperatures in excess of 175 million degrees Celsius, and the Deuterium-Deuterium fusion reaction occurs at approximately 232 million degrees Celsius. At these extremely high temperatures and pressures, a gas will ionize and form a plasma (the fourth state of matter), that is an ensemble of an enormous number of electrons and positive ions (≥1020/m3), which constantly interact with each other, exchanging energy.

      The three primary methods of confining plasma in order to make the ions fuse are gravitational confinement, inertial confinement, and magnetic confinement. In order to have fusion from gravitational confinement you need stellar-sized masses, thus inertial and magnetic confinement are the only practical methods, as well as possible hybrids of the two. Inertial confinement fusion is produced with laser-driven implosions or with electric fields (electrostatic), while magnetic confinement fusion is generated with extremely high magnetic induction in such configurations as tokamaks (devices that use a powerful magnetic field to confine plasma in the shape of a torus, which is a surface of revolution generated by revolving a circle in three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with the circle), magnetic mirrors, magnetic cusps, pinches, and magnetized targets.

      All these methods of plasma confinement have grave issues, such as an extremely large size (commensurate to that of an aircraft carrier) requirement, plasma instabilities for tokamaks, and power losses and short confinement times for magnetic mirror/cusp machines. None of these confinement methods to date have been able to achieve break-even fusion reactions, namely the condition for fusion power output to equal the power input, let alone achieve the ignition condition whereby a fusion plasma burn is self-sustained, without need for external power input. As a result, there is a need for an effective plasma compression fusion device, which creates an energy gain.

      SUMMARY

      The present invention is directed to a plasma compression fusion device which includes a hollow duct and at least one pair of opposing counter-spinning dynamic fusors. The hollow duct includes a vacuum chamber disposed within the hollow duct. Each dynamic fusor has a plurality of orifices and an outer surface which is electrically charged. In combination, the pair(s) of dynamic fusors create a concentrated magnetic energy flux and electromagnetic radiation within the vacuum chamber, whereby the concentrated magnetic energy flux compresses a mixture of gases that are injected through the orifices to the vacuum chamber such that a plasma core is created, and the electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core, while produced magnetic fields confine the plasma core between the dynamic fusors, such that when an additional mixture of gases is introduced into the plasma core through the orifices, an energy gain is created.

      It is a feature of the present invention to provide a plasma compression fusion device that generates energy gain by plasma compression-induced nuclear fusion.

      It is a feature of the present invention to provide a plasma compression fusion device that has the capability of maximizing the product of plasma pressure and energy confinement time in order to maximize energy gain and thus give rise to fusion ignition conditions.

      It is a feature of the present invention to provide a plasma compression fusion device that can produce power in the gigawatt to terawatt range (and higher), with input power in the kilowatt to megawatt range.

      DRAWINGS

      These and other features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with reference to the following description and appended claims, and accompanying drawings wherein:

      FIG. 1 is a side cross sectional view of an embodiment (the cross-duct configuration) of the plasma compression fusion device;

      FIG. 2 is a side cross sectional view of an embodiment (the linear-duct configuration) of the plasma compression fusion device; and,

      FIG. 3 is a cross sectional side view of an embodiment of the dynamic fusor (the conical frustum configuration).

      DESCRIPTION

      The preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by way of example below and in FIGS. 1-3. As shown in FIG. 1, in one of the embodiments (referred to as the cross duct configuration), the plasma compression fusion device 10 includes a hollow cross-duct 100 and at least two pairs of opposing, smoothly curved-headed, counter-spinning conical structures 200 (which act as dynamic fusors). The hollow cross-duct 100 includes a vacuum chamber 110 disposed within the hollow cross-duct 100. Each opposing, smoothly curved-headed, counter-spinning conical structure 200 has a plurality of orifices 205 and an outer surface 210which is electrically charged. In combination, the pair of counter-spinning conical structures 200 create a concentrated magnetic energy flux and electromagnetic radiation within the vacuum chamber 110, whereby the concentrated magnetic energy flux compresses a mixture of gases (the fusion fuel) that are injected through the orifices 205 to the vacuum chamber 110 such that a plasma core 75 (also can be referred to as a fusion plasma core, which is a substantially spherical and homogenous collective of electrons and positive ions) is created, and the electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core 75, while produced magnetic fields confine the plasma core 75 between the counter-spinning conical structures 200, such that when an additional mixture of gases is introduced into the plasma core 75 through the orifices 205 an energy gain is created.

      In the description of the present invention, the invention will be discussed in a space, sea, or terrestrial environment; however, this invention can be utilized for any type of application that requires the use of energy generation.

      As shown in FIG. 2, in another embodiment of the invention (referred to as the linear duct configuration), the plasma compression fusion device 10 may include only one pair of to opposing curved-headed counter-spinning conical structures 200 disposed in a linear configuration within a hollow linear-duct 150. In general, the invention uses controlled motion of electrically charged matter via accelerated vibration and/or accelerated spin subjected to smooth yet rapid acceleration transients, in order to generate extremely high energy/high intensity electromagnetic fields, which not only confine the plasma but also greatly compress it is so as to produce a high power density plasma burn, leading to ignition and energy gain.

      As shown in FIG. 1, the preferred embodiment includes two pairs of opposing curved-headed counter-spinning conical structures 200; however, more than two pairs of conical structures 200 may be utilized. The conical structures 200 may be generally referred to as dynamic fusors and be made from an alloy of Tungsten with high capacitance (such as Tungsten Nitride), or any other type of metal, alloy, or material practicable. Each conical structure 200, opposing each other in pairs, may have smoothly curved apex sections 201, and/or include assemblies of electrified grids 202 and toroidal magnetic coils 203. Each toroidal magnetic coil 203 may be disposed between at least two assemblies of electrified grids, arranged within each conical structure 200. The cross-duct 100 may include an inner surface 115 surrounding the plasma core 75. The inner surface 115 may be electrically charged and vibrated in order to prevent plasma particles from impacting the walls of the cross-duct 100 (particularly the inner surface 115) and initiating a plasma quench. The mixture of gases or fusion fuel, preferably Deuterium gas, is introduced into the plasma core 75 through the counter-spinning conical structures 200, namely injected through orifices 205 in the conical structures 200. The conical structures 200 are attached to corresponding hollow shafts 220, through which the mixture of gases or fusion fuel is pressure-fed from a gas reservoir(s) (not shown).

      In an alternate embodiment, the dynamic fusors can also be dome-like or hemispherical in geometry. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 3, the dynamic fusors may be conical frustums 230 or truncated cones having an isosceles trapezoidal cross section. The conical frustums 230 also include a plurality of orifices 235, and can include assemblies of electrified grids 202 (at least three) and at least one toroidal magnetic coil 203, arranged within each conical frustum 230. In general, the plurality of orifices 235 can be disposed within the electrified grids 202. As with all other embodiments of the dynamic fusor, each conical frustum 230 may have an outer surface that is electrically charged. Each toroidal magnetic coil 203 must be disposed between two electrified grids 202. The electrical grids 202 are used to ionize the Deuterium gas (or other fusion fuel in gaseous form) and are kept at different oppositely charged voltages so as to electrostatically accelerate either electrons or ions into the plasma core 75, depending on desired physical effect, in a manner similar to ion thrusters.

      All dynamic fusor embodiments can be utilized in either the linear-duct configuration, the cross-duct configuration, or any type of duct configuration practicable. In the embodiments of the described dynamic fusors, the direction of the dynamic fusors 200230 or dynamic fusor spin is such that the generated magnetic flux always points towards the plasma core 75. The dynamic fusors 200230 can act as particle accelerators for electrons which are closely bound to the magnetic field lines of the toroidal coil 203, as well as to the magnetic field lines of the dynamic fusors 200230, once they exit each dynamic fusors 200230. These electrons are electrostatically accelerated through a set of two electrical grids 202 (one grid may be a positive voltage charge grid and another negative voltage charged grid, both having the ability to switch electrical charge) exhibiting a potential difference into the plasma core 75, forming a deep (high energy) negative potential well. This negative potential well greatly accelerates the positively charged ions toward it, and as the ions keep recirculating around the well, they undergo fusion. A high temperature, high pressure plasma core 75 results from the impingement of gas dynamic vortical plumes, which exhibit high viscous heating, as well as the intense collisions of electrons and positively charged ions which make up these plumes. In order to heat the plasma core 75 at the extreme temperatures that fusion requires, the electrically charged dynamic fusors 200230 generate high electromagnetic radiation by virtue of their accelerating spin. The inner surfaces of the dynamic fusors 200230 are well insulated against electrical charge migration, possibly, but without limitation, with silicon carbide, boron nitride, or boron carbide liners. An alloy of Tungsten (such as, but without limitation, Tungsten-nitride) with high capacitance, in order to hold an electric charge of a least one Coulomb, is the material of choice for the dynamic fusors 200230. Each dynamic fusor 200230 is mounted to a corresponding hollow shaft 220 (which can also be referred as a fusion fuel conduit), which is coupled to a variable power DC induction motor (not shown) and a gas reservoir (not shown), and can be accelerated-decelerated-accelerated in spin, via a digital controller (not shown).

      In order for a fusion reaction to occur, we need to abide by the Lawson criterion, namely;


      nTτE≥3×1021KeV s/m3 (Equation 1),

      where n is the plasma density, T is the plasma temperature and, τis the energy confinement time. Equation 1 illustrates that the higher the product of the plasma pressure with to the plasma energy confinement time, the higher the energy gain of the fusion reaction. The equal sign in Equation 1 represents the break-even condition, indicating an energy gain of one, which is the condition under which the fusion power output equals the reactor power input. Furthermore, it is important to note that if you double the strength of the magnetic field (double the magnetic induction B in units of Tesla), you half the linear size of the reactor, given other fusion parameters are held constant. Hence, being able to generate high magnetic induction (magnetic flux density) is extremely important in developing a compact fusion device.

      There are two expressions which convey the importance of having high magnetic field induction, when it comes to plasma magnetic confinement for fusion, namely:


      Energy Gain˜B3 (Equation 2)


      and


      Fusion Power Density˜P2˜B4 (Equation 3),

      where P is the plasma pressure and B is the magnetic induction or magnetic flux density, given the condition that the ratio of plasma pressure and magnetic field pressure is on the order of unity.

      At present there are few envisioned fusion reactors/devices that come in a small, compact package (ranging from 0.3 to 2 meters in diameter) and typically they use different versions of plasma magnetic confinement. Three such devices are the Lockheed Martin (LM) Skunk Works Compact Fusion Reactor (LM-CFR), the EMCPolywell fusion concept, and the Princeton Field-Reversed Configuration (PFRC) machine.

      The LM-CFR uses a magnetic mirror configuration in which toroidal magnetic coils featuring variable current generate magnetic field oscillations which heat a confined plasma. The Polywell device uses a hybrid plasma confinement and heating scheme by using both inertial electrostatic confinement and magnetic confinement within a polyhedral bi-conic mirror cusp geometry. The PFRC machine uses a unique radio-frequency heating scheme to induce rotating magnetic fields in order to confine plasma. These devices feature short plasma confinement times, possible plasma instabilities with the scaling of size, and it is questionable whether they have the ability of achieving the break-even fusion condition, let alone a self-sustained plasma burn leading to ignition.

      The key to fusion rests with the achievement of extremely high magnetic fields, possibly exceeding 30 Tesla, which not even high temperature Rare Earth Barium Copper Oxide (REBCO)-type superconducting magnets, can readily generate at present. However, extremely high B-fields can be generated by controlled motion of electrically charged matter, via accelerated spin and/or accelerated vibration, subjected to rapid acceleration transients.

      The plasma compression fusion device 10 utilizes controlled motion of electrically charged matter via accelerated vibration and/or accelerated spin subjected to smooth yet rapid acceleration-deceleration-acceleration transients, in order to generate extremely high energy/high intensity electromagnetic fields. These fields not only confine the plasma core 75 but also greatly compress it (by inducing a high energy negative potential well) so as to produce a high power density plasma burn, leading to ignition. The generated high intensity electromagnetic radiation heats the plasma core 75 and the produced magnetic fields confine it in between the dynamic fusors 200230. As described earlier, the duct inner surface 115 is electrically charged and vibrated in order to prevent plasma particles from impacting the walls (the duct inner surface 115) and initiating a plasma quench. Vibration can be achieved by passing an electrical current through piezoelectric films such as lead zirconate titanate (PZT) imbedded in the plasma compression fusion device 10 particularly in the inner surface 115. The plasma compression fusion device 10 may be housed in a Faraday cage for reasons of personnel safety. A 10-15 cm thick boron carbide (or Tungsten alloy) shielding which acts as the Faraday cage can also incorporate the cooling channels for the thermal conversion cycle, as well as provide the needed structural support and integrity to withstand the fusion-induced neutron bombardment. Plasma instabilities would be minimized and possibly suppressed by the shearing flows generated by the dynamic fusors 200230. The flow shearing would tear apart the vortical eddies responsible for the onset of turbulence within the plasma, which is regarded as the main source of plasma instabilities in a fusion reaction.

      Fusion power output may be extracted via conformal heat exchangers (not shown), which are flush with the plasma compression fusion device 10 outer wall (which can be the duct outer surface 116) and carry the neutron produced heat to a thermoelectric generator via a cooling fluid, such as water or poly-alpha olefin (PAO). The mixture of gases and additional mixture of gases (both being the fusion fuel), preferably Deuterium gas, is introduced into the plasma core 75 through the dynamic fusors 200230, namely injected through the orifices 205235. Deuterium (heavy Hydrogen) can be abundantly extracted from sea-water; hence the ‘virtually limitless’ fuel source idea, that makes this invention extremely beneficial.

      The fusion fuel (the mixture of gases and additional mixture of gases) can be neutronic or aneutronic. A neutronic fusion fuel can be a Deuterium-Tritium, Deuterium-Deuterium, Deuterium-Xenon mixture, or any gaseous mixture practicable. Both the mixture of gases and additional mixture of gases should be the same of the same chemical composition. The Deuterium-Xenon mixture can produce Xenon-129 with the release of two fast (highly energetic) neutrons which would greatly amplify the power output, however, consideration of the device wall degradation and enhanced radioactivity effects need to be considered from both an operational and a safety perspective.

      An aneutronic fusion fuel can, but without limitation, be proton-Boron 11 (for fusion at more than 10× the fusion temperature of the neutronic fuel). In this case there will be no neutrons released, hence no radioactivity dangers arise. For the Hydrogen-Boron fuel, there is a one in one thousand chance of a Gamma-ray channel being formed, which in case of full operational status of the device, would demand great caution. Direct energy conversion is used in extracting fusion power from the plasma compression fusion device 10, since the products of this aneutronic fuel are three alpha particles (3 Helium-4 particles); hence, direct conversion of these charged particles via a hi-tech transformer is made viable. The main issue with the use of aneutronic fuel is that it demands a fusion temperature of 2 billion degrees Celsius (and higher), an almost 10× increase over neutronic fuel, such as the preferred Deuterium gas.

      When utilizing Deuterium (2H) gas as the fusion fuel of choice, the following chemical reactions occur:


      2H+2H→3H(1.01 MeV)+p+(3.02 MeV)[50%] (Equation 4) and


      2H+2H→+3He(0.82 MeV)+n0(2.45 MeV)[50%] (Equation 5).

      Thus, it is feasible to use both direct (electrical) and indirect (thermal) energy conversion by using deuterium gas, which is highly desirable from an operational viewpoint.

      The plasma compression device 10 must be vacuum-pumped for fusion power to be effectively produced. An ultra-high vacuum on the order of 10−5 Torr is desirable, yet a lower quality vacuum may be used, given operational constraints on the device.

      For the conditions of accelerated vibration or accelerated spin of an electrically charged object/system, the maximum EM energy flux (time rate of change of EM energy transfer per unit surface area) is:


      Smax=fG20)[(Rvv2)top] (Equation 6),

      where fis the charged system geometric shape factor (equal to 1 for a disc configuration), σ is the surface charge density, Co is the electrical permittivity of free space, Ris the vibration (harmonic oscillation) amplitude, v is the angular frequency of vibration in Hertz, and similarly in the case of axial spin Ris the effective system radius, while v represents the angular frequency of spin, and top is the operational time for which the electrically charged system is operated at maximum acceleration (Rvv2). This closed form formulation is the result of the synthesis of classical electromagnetic field theory with the physics of simple harmonic motion. Furthermore, for the case of rapid time rates of change of accelerated vibration/spin (rapid acceleration transients) of the charged system, given that the time differential of acceleration is non-zero, we obtain:


      Smax=fG20)[(Rvv3)t2op] (Equation 7).

      Equation 7 indicates that, even with moderate vibrational/spins frequencies in a rapidly accelerating mode, the EM energy flux is greatly amplified. Moreover, this shows the extensive capabilities of a high energy/high frequency electromagnetic field generator, when used to heat plasma within the confines of the plasma compression fusion device.

      When adding to the equation representing simple harmonic motion an “energy/momentum-pumping” (negative damping) term (bv), endemic of system acceleration, where b is a constant and v is (dx/dt), namely the speed of a vibrating mass (m), it can be shown that the maximum of the total energy (ET) of the vibrating system can be written as:


      ET≈mRv2Ω2[exp(2Ωt)] (Equation 8),

      where Ω is the angular frequency of vibration, under the condition [(b/2 m)>>Ω(natural frequency of vibration)], and t is time. Since the EM energy flux is directly proportional to ET, we observe that there will be exponential growth in energy flux with accelerating vibration, especially under the condition of rapid acceleration transients.

      Considering a classical Newtonian second law expression using the Lorentz (EM) force, we can relate the vibrating mass (m) with its vibrating charge (Q), in that m becomes directly proportional to the square of the ratio (Q/Ω). Coupling this relation with equation 8 yields:


      Smax≈(Q20)(Rv2/Rs5)Ω[exp(2Ωt)] (Equation 9).

      Equation 9 represents the maximum EM flux that can be achieved by accelerated vibration under the aforementioned condition, and applies to a spherical geometry (radius 1R) for a vibrating mass (m) of corresponding charge (Q). Note that the vibration in the electrically-charged device inner walls (of the cross-duct or linear duct) must be monitored so that it does not greatly exceed the natural vibration frequency of its component materials, since this can generate exponential growth in EM flux and may have deleterious effects on the plasma core, as well as on the structural integrity and operational safety of the device 10. Moreover, due to the conical geometry of the dynamic fusors 200230, the plasma fluid will assume the shape of vortex structures. Considering the force-free vortex expression of (curl v=Avv), where v is the plasma fluid velocity and Ais a constant, which under certain conditions can be far greater than 1, from the physics of Equation 4, we can write:


      B/Rv˜curl B=AvB (Equation 10),

      where Ris the effective vortex radius, so that as RR goes to zero, Abecomes a B-field amplification factor which mathematically can go to infinity. Physically this expresses the great amplification of the magnetic induction B-fields of the vortical plasma structures in the plasma core 75.

      The maximum of magnetic field induction (B) for one of the dynamic fusors 200230 as a function of the angular frequency of spin (c) for each of the dynamic fusors can be written as:


      BMAX≈μ0σRωω3top2 (Equation 11),

      where μis the magnetic permeability of free space (˜O(10−6)), σ is the surface charge density of the conical structure 200, Rω is the effective spin radius of the dynamic fusor, and top is the operational time at maximum acceleration of spin. For the condition of μ0σRωtop2˜O(1), that is order of unity, we obtain BMAX˜ω3, in other words, the maximum magnetic flux density scales with the cube of the angular spin frequency of the conical structure 200.

      Since laboratory experiments have taken disc shaped objects of 10 cm in diameter and spun them at 10,000 rad/sec (100,000 RPM), with no apparent failure resulting from centrifugal loading, one can safely conclude that given the hardness of Tungsten from which each dynamic fusor 200230 is manufactured, it is possible to have values of w on the order of 104 rad/s. This means that a value for BMAX on the order of 10Tesla is achievable by accelerated spin of the surface-charged conical structure 200, with a time differential of acceleration not equal to zero (smooth yet rapid spin acceleration—no abrupt/jerking motion required). Such high values of magnetic field induction (B) are feasible, as shown in peer-reviewed published papers by the inventor (Technical Paper AIAA 2017-5343 and Technical Paper SAE 2017-01-2040).

      Taking into consideration Equation 2, the energy gain of the fusion reaction is on the order of 1018, meaning that possibility of fusion ignition, that is self-sustained plasma burn, is highly feasible, under the aforementioned conditions. As a result of this simple analysis, it is important to note that the present invention can produce power in the gigawatt to terawatt range (and higher) with input power in the kilowatt to megawatt range, and possibly lead to ignition plasma burn, that is self-sustained plasma burn without need for external input power, indicating the enablement of this invention.

      When introducing elements of the present invention or the preferred embodiment(s) thereof, the articles “a,” “an,” “the,” and “said” are intended to mean there are one or more of the elements. The terms “comprising,” “including,” and “having” are intended to be inclusive and mean that there may be additional elements other than the listed elements.

      Although the present invention has been described in considerable detail with reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof, other embodiments are possible. Therefore, the spirit and scope of the appended claims should not be limited to the description of the to preferred embodiment(s) contained herein.

    • April 1, 2019 11:44 PM CEST
    • I hope this has not already been discused.

      I do not have access to these materials.

      the design is made by:
      Multiple rings of hose filled with plasma water.
      The outer rings will have the lighter gans/elements
      The inner rings will have the heavier gans/elements.
      Multiple magravs arranged around he circle maybe set at 15 to 20 degrees to kick start the reaction.
      This might create plasma fields for missing gans/elements.

    • August 21, 2018 3:28 PM CEST
    • This is what I was thinking about.

      So, if You follow me, I shall explain what it is all about.

      I shall try to publish all my posts here in order to create a unitary document, that is aimed to help and enlight the reader that is looking for content, solutions

      etc... that cannot be found in bits and pieces published here and there in reversed logical order. Because of invisible matters that are there even if you do not see them.

      I shall publish my thoughts and questions in the order they came to my mind, here, to give You the opportunity to follow a linear path.

       

      188 Are Geopolitics and Diplomacy part of the teachings that cannot free themselves form the consequences of rigidity? Secrecy, forbidden patents and obscured data, carried on by China, is something that I do not understand. They apparently signed the peaceful application form, but nevertheless decided not to share openly what they are doing. Knowledge seekers are sharing most of their findings freely with the Foundation and the world, so this attitude looks a little anachronistic. l suppose that ideologically speaking, Mr Keshe's first version of the Loving Brave New World Strawberry Fields Forever, has faded away, replaced by the Human Subdued Cultural condition, that is truly optative and retrograde. Since, the change is not here, and we cannot really expect G men to meet the standards of the Conscience and Insight Galaxians share, we shall have to rethink all over again the entire project. Solid ground of this kind is so sticky that no one will be allowed to leave planet. No Luna Park trips to the sky, please.

       

       

      189 No Luna Park Trips to the sky please. Let's try to rise our coscience first. Results are not there, because we are not working on the soul. We are working as usual, on a matter level, and, scientifically speaking, repeating time and time again, events that could fall into the realm of singularity, or, non repetition, just to stop us from creating others any problems. You never thought about the idea that if you do not act Harmonically, fields will stop You. Your Ego, since it is the gravitational center of your identity, being the cause of Your fall into heavier and heavier materiality. I hope that you shall reconsider altogether the topic. Engines and technology, would do, if only You had a proper vision. Distorted perspectives, do not offer long journeys, but JoJo trips. The greater the effort, the weaker the Force.  Do not concentrate, solidification, is still the opposite of what You should be looking for. Let go. Do not engineer, but, condensate quintessence. Stop using your hands, questions, common thought, third party examples and plagiarism.

       

      190 A little piece of advice: Do not engineer, but, condensate quintessence. Stop using your hands, questions, common thought, third party examples and plagiarism. Whiteboards, balckboards and notebooks, help, if You know what You are looking for. Drawings, make things clear to a bidimensional mind, linear logic and non paradoxical thought. Understand the pespective, please. If You have no idea about what You are doing, just don't waste your time. Someone else will eventually reach the sky and send you a post card one day. Now,  someone wants all of us to reach the sky at once. This cannot be accepted. We could make a mess, of ourselves and others. Nature, acts lovingly and with great respect. A few, is enough. A small group, even one, to begin. Moltitudes, of the kind we meet at the stadium, are not fit to enjoy peaceful harmony and stillness. Void, will be your madness. Take care.

       


      191 Void, is what happens when you take a walk through a desert, sea, the north pole or a mountain. Nature, is something people do not understand anymore. Citizens, at least.  Solitude. It takes quite a lot of stability to face this lack of cultural information and exchange. Heads everywhere. Just take a look. Products and Heads everywhere. You are at the moment living in a projection, made to produce an accelerated exchange Sensory overload and super information, that has to do with urbanization, crowding, noise, mass media, technology, and the explosive growth of nonsensical data that is transforming our normal state into a syndrome. This, due to a consumistic attitude that has eneterd most of the cycles society offers us. Space, is natural. Empty, from our point of view. Madness will appear as soon as we reach it's silence. Internal chaos is at the moment so high, that even psichiatry cannot effect it with drugs made to slow down things. You should meditate, first. I speak in behalf of your conscience.

       


      192 Mitigate action and think wisely. There is no order in what You are doing, because uncontrolled minds, especially if You are all working 25 hours a day, but are not truly interlinked, shall be partial and reach selfish results. Your spirit will be there, but not Your Souls. True arrogance, is to believe that You can do whatever You want and whenever You like. Kingship, and the realms of these gods, being ultimately a projection of our egO. Atma, is something that we do not understand, consider, include, share, most of the time, in our actions and thoughts. Just like art. We like it, of course, but rarely practice it, and buy it only if it is an affair. This way, we miss values, and Internet, which is a virtual exxoteric technical instrument that does not connect us, but create virtual links. This, becomes a control trojanized mechanism that is there to organize reality as it should be following the optative dualistic bidimensional empire projection. Space, is not what you are going to fill it with. You are generating the consequences of your karma.  


      193 Whenever a condition is created, manifestation will take place. Change, will be the consequence. Transformation will follow. If inception induced the change, nevertheless, this shall not last. If maturity is there, You shall not fall back . Vice, is a loop game. Recursive thought, keep appearing all the time if You lose control. Mind, is an instrument. What You feed it with, will make you what you let those thougts make you. This has nothing to do with conscience. It has to do with plagiarism. A cloned Humanity, that finds pleasure in belonging to infinite repetitions and mirrored standards, lacks of the link with the Soul. Spirits in this material world, are caged. Soul is elswhere. A car did not make the difference. Nor, an airplane or a submarine. A starship, won't make it. The greatest distance we meet is in fact the one that put's us in contact with our true soul. Mahatma is the key.

       



      194 Quantum Cymatics, within the Harmonic Field Multiversal Model, make things possible. Manifestation takes place. Evidence shows. It is our vision that is in cause. We abused the gift of projection, to obtain what we wanted. We believed in the gifts of the gods, and followed them. Desires, come from desidero, and ultimately, De "sydero", has to do with syderal space and where it came from. They brought us wonderful gifts. Trojanized us with their thought, faith and viruses. They had to change even our DNA, to make us do what they wanted us to do. Follow them. Obey and become. This one that we are living in, is the byproduct of an hybrid creation, functional to the needs of the aliens that came here some time ago. Primary directive speaks clear. They did not practice it. We do not practice it. GM organisms, are a consequence. We cannot hold back ourselves. Imprinting is a terrible stigmata.  



      195 204.000 thound years ago, our DNA has been manipulated. It it all written there. 5 major changes. It only takes 8 hours to clone a Human DNA and save it to an hard disk. One therabyte disk will do. It is only a matter of having the knowledge to read it. Understand it. Find out what happened. We are following the same path with informatics. We had to densify and replicate what we met, to understand it. We wanted to become gods. This was our goal. But the gods that manipulated us were not gods, unfortunately. They messed up things a little, to meet their needs. We do the same. Fruits, food, animals and humans have been transformed by manipulating DNA. Intent, makes the difference. Since you are looking for adventure, you shall find yourselves at the end of the path, waiting for You. Take a sit, here, next to the flowing river. Use gans to deprogram.

      Deprogramming refers to measures that claim to assist a person who holds a controversial belief system in changing those beliefs and abandoning allegiance to the religious, political, economic, or social group associated with the belief system. Since you are not abandoning allegiance to powers, You shall respond to them even if they have not value at all in space.

      This is paradoxical.

       


      196 Deprogramming refers to measures that claim to assist a person who holds a controversial belief system in changing those beliefs and abandoning allegiance to the religious, political, economic, or social group associated with the belief system. Since you are not abandoning allegiance to powers, You shall respond to them even if they have not value at all in space. This is a paradoxical, anachronistic and the best way to go against common sense. We need true conscience to meet things that have nothing to do with our culture, models, values, beliefs. We need to build a stable and centered position, and not to bring with ou our prejudices, flags, coat of arms, and contracts. Our law, has nothing to do with Dharma any more. It is the selfish consequence of abuse. This is a fact. We all know this. Law is owned nowadays, through abuse, as usual. It's obsolete, as the legitimation it uses to carry on personal matters against the interest of the moltitude. Out there, no chance. Common sense is the law. Love and respect.  

       



      197 Spinning plasmatic devices are what you need. Although spinning gans could do for medical purposes, you could even spin up coils, and obtain a more powerful field interaction than the one you can see in static models. As long as You shake it well, it will give more because of exitation. It is a well known topic. Everywhere in the universe. Particles, colliding one against the other, produce field play. This is the gain You  will see. Since youcould go a little further, I advice You to test the frequency resonance of the matter, liquid, gaseus or plasmatic  state You want to force to give a little more than what it does. Eventually, if you take one to the other level, it will give you energy accordingly to the time it requires to go back to it's own place. This is the miracle of moving things around. Flow. Fluxes. Stream. So, do not move your reactors, just resonate them.  Chords. That's all. I'm a composer, I do it all the time. Change people's moods, enable them to see, rise their conscience etc... Resonance is the key. Vortices will follow.  

      Take a look at the gravitational pull of this image that is bending the straight line of the picture....



      198 Ripples in space and time, follow everytime you spin up things. When you are happy, and you are excited, time flies. It is as simple as this. So, physiscs, just say a common knowledge in a diffcult way. Vortices come in pairs. Never alone. What you move here, moves there. Take a circle.  A wide one. If you create a Vortex in front of you, You shall see another one appearing on the other side of the vector. Depending on hte lenght wave or the size of the push, you shall see booth of them following the horizontal vector on a planar surface. Both vortices will be rotating, and spinning in opposite directions. The circle itself, will be composed of two parts. A visible, that you will see in a medium, water for example, and an ivisible, that you will no see in the air. In the tunnel, you shall see two spinning vortices spinning, outer one containing the inner one. They will not merge. Polarities balance themselves all the time. So, any energy shall have its counterpart. Your reactors are in fact, double ones. See fields as balanced coupled formations.

       




      199 Since a typical reactor is made by 4 spinning engines, that usually contain ganses, but could in fact contain plasmatic devices themselves, as coils and much more, then, you shall see ripples coming out on both sides of the front waves you are creating. Your system will resemble in such a way, to a Merkabah, and specular formation could appear spinning alltogether in the opposite direction. You shall see there, 8 fluxes, x 2. 16 flowing tunnels linking the bended starting and ending point of the semicircles. You will find energy there. Manifestation of it. Magnetism, gravity, light, etc... But do not forget that You are in reality working with 8 spinning circles. This is what I called Linkshaa, many years ago, and although two tethahedrons make this structure, a cube shape will follow, and the philosophical stone itself may appear to the alchemist. Corners, hold in place. Everything depends on the amount of energy given to the system.  Speed, effects angles. Space-Time distortion will follow. It takes 5 minutes, not 237 teachings.

       



      200 It takes five minutes to explain basic transtemporal and spatial positiong quantum Physiscs to the average galaxian. I keep asking myself why all this is taking  more than 237 teachings! Is there a glitch ? A mistake in our DNA imprinting? We constantly forget what we are doing, thinking about, facing, and keep repeating the same mistakes all the time, and following paid paths that do not go towards our soul, but meet the needs of a materiality created by the owners of scarcity. Nevertheless, if you could say all this in a few words, it could help. There must be some recursive monkey virus somewhere that does not allow You and Us, to reach a higher level of conscience. I suppose a polymorph one. You just met Glyphosate, and forgot to take care about acrylammide, benzopyrene, fluor, and bleach. Alluminium in salt and antitraspirants. What do you need other worlds for if you are not able to make this one a paradise?   Shangrilah. Start cleaning up, and then we shall re-think about it. Only then, we shall go.   

      U.S. Shangrilah


      201 Now let's consider Pens. Why does a pen work? The phenomenon is due to Spinplasmonics. This field, generated by the combination of spintronics and plasmonics. The field was pioneered by Professor Abdulhakem Elezzabi.  The most elementary spinplasmonic device consists of a bilayer structure made from magnetic and nonmagnetic metals. It is the nanometer scale interface between such metals that gives rise to an electron spin phenomenon. The plasmonic current is generated by PLSM FLX excitation and its properties can be manipulated by applying a weak magnetic field. Electrons with a specific spin state can cross the interfacial barrier, but those with a different spin state are impeded. Essentially, switching operations are performed with the electrons spin and then sent out as a plasmatic light signal. Spinplasmonic devices potentially have the advantages of high speed, miniaturization, low power consumption, and multifunctionality. The interaction between atomic spins realigns the magnetic moments.

       


      202 In physics a plasmon is a quantum of plasma oscillation. Just as  light (an optical oscillation) consists of photons, the plasma oscillation consists of plasmons. The plasmon can be considered as a quasiparticle, since it arises from the quantization of plasma oscillations, just like phonons, are quantizations of mechanical vibrations. Quantizations, because they are rhytmical, are naturally resonant. Thus, plasmons are collective oscillations of the free electron gas density. At optical frequencies, plasmons can couple with a photon to create another quasiparticle called a plasmon polariton. Plasmons play a large role in the optical properties of metals. Light of frequencies below the PLSM FREQ is reflected by a material because the electrons in the material screen the electric field of the light. Light of frequencies above the plasma frequency is transmitted by a material because the electrons in the material cannot respond fast enough to screen it. Packets of PLSMTC energy are sentient. They are conscient.

       



      203 Resonant phonons, are what you should look for, instead of working, dimentionally speaking, in the wrong octave or harmonic range. Size matters. Choose nano if you are working on nano. Peta, has nothing to do with Giga, Thera or Femto. Infinitesimal, has still its own size and relates to it in specific ways. Stop using hammers to kill visuses. Everything that happens to exists, and is alive, in the multiverse, oscillates. This  great number of frequencies, and not a specific one only, is a chord, and distinctive proportional signature. We love so much to match numbers, but in fact, this attitude is completely false. Spinnig wheels generates frequencies according to their mechanical movements. Metaphysically speaking, "persona", person, is created by 30 trillions cells, and is the total sum of them, although you may still think that You are the owner of your egO. This is a common mistake. You belong to. Find the phonon resonance that matches your devices and where the interaction gate stands.



      204  Do not forget to consider the possible effects of mini black holes, strange attractors and gravitational lenses and Daleks, of course. Size is the key, considering proportions. Ratio, is another way you could call it. Learn how to transpose correctly measures. In music, for example, we do this in a perfect but completely  wrong way. Even onomatopeic words  are disappearing nowadays. This is a consequence of the cultural abuse of secrecy and codecs, cryptic language and other instruments created to hide, rather than to communicate. Analogic, replaced by digital binary numbers. Data, which have nothing to do with vibrations, for example, do not offer insight, but distance.  Fine tuning is the key.  I advice You to work with resonant phonons, and your sistems will be able to reach higher energetic fluxes. The Blowing Umbrella effect is a consequence of opening a window whilst a Tornado is hitting the city. Before switching your reactors on again, find the right ratio, and change the hour of your experiments, because here it keeps raining every day at 5PM.  



      205 Raining, raining, raining every day at five on the dot. Switch it off.  Plasmons are collective electron oscillations usually excited at metal surfaces by a light source. Doped graphene layers have also shown the similar surface plasmon effects to that of metallic thin films. Through the engineering of metallic substrates or nanoparticles (e.g., gold, silver and copper) with graphene, the plasmonic properties of the hybrid structures could be tuned for improving the optoelectronic device performances. Since you added quite a few layers on your copper coils, you should try this as well. Multiple layers will tune up your coils to a specific range. Then, you shall find out what they are connected to, if you are still not aware of what you are doing. When the plasmons are resonant at the graphene/metal surface level, a strong electric field is induced which enhances the generation of SPIN SPYRS fluxes.  Metals are only transparent to light with higher frequency than the metal's plasma frequency.  Ne 10 el23 cm-3.  which is ultraviolet.

       



      206 The word plasma comes fromAncient Greek,  p??sµa?, meaning 'moldable substance, or Jelly. Sir William Crookes called it Radiant matter, and Irving Langumuir used this word deriving it from chemistry.  Plasma is a state of matter in which a ionised gaseous substance becomes highly electically conductive, to the point that long-range electric and magnetic fields dominate the behaviour of the matter. Plasma is an electrically neutral medium of unbound positive and negative particles . Although these particles are unbound, they are not "free" in the sense of not experiencing forces. Moving charged particles generate an electric current within a magnetic field, and any movement of a charged plasma particle affects and is affected by the fields created by the other charges. In turn this governs collective behaviour with many degrees of variation. Since flux variations are what we are looking for, once you match the resonant frequency of the devices you run, the flow will reach the circuit and activate it. Experiencing forces.  


      207 Helloooooo!!! Helloooooooo!! Why don't you try this one. You still hav four engines in your star formation, so, just add 4 more. A double one will look like a Merkabah. Now, just take a close look to the shape of the star. What can You see? 8 mini star formations working all together. Now, since you are thinking about levitation, and vertical shift, then, controlling vectorial fluxes to move sideways, you shall have to rethink your model from the start. It's a good starting point, but, please, calculate the interactions you have here. This is not simply a 2 star double formation, but a multiple 8 star formation. Now you are starting to understand the problem. We will not simply shift axis X Y Z, but work on T aswell. Since T curvature will enter immediately in the calculations. Vectors will subsequntly Spin Spyrs within a Vortex Fields, and Ripples and Twirls will be your new starting point. Since, materiality is linked to XYZ, but lives within T, and T itself, is contained in a WARP HyperPhysical Continuum that is trinary itself.

       



      208 Now, you shall need quite a few engines if you want to test this one.  8 star formation make it 32 . This structure, should be solid, but flexible, probably Titanium could work. It should create nano oscillations and not "vibrations" of the kind you can feel here, within X Y Z axis, like sound or audible wave propagation, trembling engines, buzz, ddrrrr, or whatever... shhhhh.... we are working with Sacred Geometry, what's all this noise!!!  No apparent moving parts please. Are we going Nano or not? Since what you are going to do is to move to the next level, I am going to ask you something: How big is a thought? Ever tried to measure it? And Spirit? An your Soul?  So, center you conscience there, and then you will see. If you are not able to keep it there, forget it. It is something that takes a lfe time. Stillness, to reach stillness, where everything is Panta Rei.  Here, floating inside the Space Time Continuum You will meet the Warping condition, and twirls and ripples will tickle You. This is called Love, and death does not exist because it has no end.

       



      209 I would go Coils, at this point, beacuse you have bought so much copper wire that it would be wasted, but there are quite a few races that use the strangest things I have ever seen, to reach the aim. From my point of view, you are too physical, bet nevertheless I will tell You what I used. I used sound. That's it. Plenty do. Why should a physical state exist if there is no spiritual one? How much space does a Spiritual state occupy? Not much. So, as long as you can touch, things exist. As long as you cannot see them, they do not exist. What a pity. Such a limited vision. This was your mistake. Thomas. Yes. So, ask yourself why Radioncs worked even if you used a simple pencil to draw a diagram of a sacred geometry. It's alchemy. Hyperphysics aswell. In so many ways, the graphite structure, works as an antenna on a sheet of paper. Bidimensionality is not a limit. Even our 3D antennas, have their limits, but work. So, if you use blue cobalt, let's say pen ink, you could even read it with an X ray machine. It works fine. Bank notes have antennas.

       



      210 Even bank notes have antennas placed inside them. Money, shines, if you are able to illuminate it. The sum of a magic number tells me where you come from. You signed. Stigmata, never fades. Imprinting, and all that comes later will be a simple karmic consequence of your past actions. A ring, that chose a chain. It did not ring. And you lost your chance. So, whilst you were asleep, someone chained you and your world. This is the meaning of Unchaining You, before reaching the sky. Money does not count there. No value at all. Because it has no power on the soul that is centered, and only works on the weak ones that are enslaved to dark ones. Take a look. Dorset. Aug 2014. What does it mean? See the angle of the sides? It is not a mistake. You are meant to fold it and close it in the right shape. Understand it. Work within the Force. No opposition. Do not criticize me or anyone else. Shine through. Test your IQ.



      211 Unfortunately, considering Knowledge Seekers Crop Lesson 2477 You missd it, and you have to go back there to study it again. Earthboard lessons, as you may call them, soon disappear. Inability to understand what crop circles are all about, fortunately, does not ingenerate critics. The limit of basic logic and psycology, does not allow to reach what is sacred. It is some sort of magical protection, purity, and harmony, share with the ones that are pure, and the ones that do not reach insight and awareness, because they have so many things to do, shall not. So, there exist indeed so many ways. What's the point in trying to rise you conscience to another level, a higher frequency, if you want to reach that level in you actual shape and density. See the states!!! Solid, liquid, gaseus, plasmatic... etc... so, isn't this attitude quite paradoxical? You skin is your limit. Your egO is your cage. Spiritualize yourself.

       



      212 How much energy do you need to hold your physical state in water? 2000 $ will do. What about flying though the air? let's say a minimum of 20000 $. So, let's go Plasmatic... How much would it take? 20.000.000 $ So, consider the amount of money spent individually by each one of us following Keshe's teachings. Now, add Governments money, private research, etc... etc...  this is going to shok you. And who is going to pay the price of Disergy? Selfishness, is in fact due to the arrogance we allow our behaviour to abuse of ourselves and others, and the money it pays, of course, that pushes people into slavery hoping to become kings one day. Disergy, is exactly what is happening. No connection. Interaction. Secrecy and the usual research system working for profit. Open Source? Not at all. You need to get rid of weight, instead, you keep adding matter. You smile when you lose 5 ounces, EXPERIMENTS!!! and If I throw away all your engines in the bin, you shout. 4 stones :-) Lighter is better.  Think Nano. Unite, share, reduce it.

       



      213 Spiritual understanding, take a great deal of change. Paradigm shift, is something that is not easily reached. To lose weight, miniaturize. Size, enables, but, on the other hand, does not enable. Invite Ganesha to dinner, and You will find out by Yourself. Your door is the problem. Your limit. A door, is a sense. Your senses are not ready to receive, perceive, undestand what is of such a different size that you could not see it, even with a telescope or a microscope. The Dragon and The Infinitesimal, are so distant from your point of view, dear brother, that no translation would do. Soul, as a Sephirot, if you understand the meaning of the Sacred Tree, and place the spheres one inside the other, will show You the miracle of Matrioska. Spiritualized Men, that you may call Saints, show NIMBUS, or the sphere, right around their head. That is Conscience. So, within conscience, you shall reach. In matter, you shall learn how to. Are you going to move the table outside? Ganesha is still waiting....


      214 Move your soul inside, instead. Weight, is in fact acting in the opposite direction. Isn't it Gravitational? You want to fly! Attitudes, make us what we are. Habits, models, even style, fashion, cultural imprinting, opinions, projections and language itself, eggregore, body language, subliminals and example, bend our will and our wishes towards recursive cycles that become orbits soon enought. Looped minds, are possibly most of the time under a  spell. You need to work on the gravitational side of emotions, that are linked to your physical body and give you sensations that you believe, are feelings. But feelings, do not belong to the physical sphere, because they are pure. If a feeling is not pure, it will depend upon sensations, needs and benefits, pleasure and command, and will not resonate. If it is pure, then, you know what I am talking about. If it is not, You know that it is just a natural need gone densified. It is Desire. Let it go. Lighter is better. Spiritualize thought and action. Be accordingly, Harmonize yourself.



      215 Solids, are shapes that depend upon linear logic. When we think about one, and we want to draw it, we shall calculate X Y Z, axis and angles, and we will reach their shape. Perfection, in so many ways, is there. Symmetry. What we believe is the principle of identity. So, as soon as we meet a double, or an half, we fall in love. This is because of resonance. We live in a Harmonic field, that we do not even see, because it is invisible to us, but fall in love with everything that has a shape that has something to do with harmonics. Blood is family, and GrandPa is harmonical to Father and Son. Quarter, half, one. This is the meaning of a body that apparently is made by adding together two halves. And Feminine and Masculine that are made to match, and are halves again. So, one, is the sum. Synergy. Add on, and you will meet the multiverse. Life and Love will be right in the middle. No mistake. Navel, belly button, and all the other openings. Call it Pleasurable Tangibility. In between. There is no mistake. Too gravitational, Angels would say...

       

      So, try the 8 star formation, with 32 reactors, and let's see if it works!!! But please, go Nano. 

       

      Jedi Simon

    • July 24, 2018 1:11 AM CEST
    • Regarding spaceship designs.

      A lot of development and understanding of varoise factors that will be needed to build a sustainable craft has already taken place.
      Whats needed now is to bring these new developments and new understandigs together to form a viable device.
      Coming from a microgeneration backgroud I have taken the approach from an energy efficient perspective.
      Adding in Energy supplys, heavy magnets and coils and components only pushes our ability to make a useable device further away.
      Looking at ways to provide a device that compleats the task in hand and being lightweight and energy efficient has to be the way forward.
      We must take the attributes we want to achive and replicate them in a new way.
      For plasma production it involves very high voltage albeit at a very low power. Today we are using mains electricity, heavy coils and capacitors etc.
      Biulding all this into a system pushes the bar higher and makes our goals further away.
      With a different method of providing very high low amp power is attainable with products we already know.
      For example. A cigarette lighter with a piezoelectric sparker can produce over 1000v. That one very small device that causes a spark to light the gas.
      A pezio cell 1cm2 can produce a quantifiable amount of Electric current. Its been well researched and they are many papers from notable scorces that can confirm outputs.
      Incorporating a pizio cell of a much larger proportion would be the eqivallent of a snall battery.
      Having a number of these pizio cell in line can further increase the output and push its combined work to begin to come near to a useable amount.
      This can then be multplied by having a seris of these devices all focused to the same point and attain a device with notable power.
      This is only one way efficiency can be engineerd. Incorporating other elements into this same energy device we can then transform its attributes into something nore positive to exploit plasma reactions.
      Sort of a power device come waveguide giving out a suitable frequency and having a bit of power.
      This combination of focus approach of a usable electical wave can then be recycled and sent around the system by using a coil operating at a similar frequency located byond the plasma reactor. Once sparked up and all at frequency it could work on very small amonts of power to maintain it and almost self sufficient.

    • July 19, 2018 5:56 AM CEST
    • Urgent message from MT KESHE from July 14 2018:

      "Would like to ask for all those around the world who have a dynamic star formation to run them:

      from Monday July 16 2018 at 6 AM CST (China Standard Time) UTC+8 ( 00:00 CEST) 

      We are going for the test of space lift and motion in China from that time and need to harmonize the fields.

      This will be like when we stopped the motor in Italy and when we achieved 129 Tesla.

      We need the collective consciousness of the mankind of the change to come.

      And that we collectively make the effort and support Chinese team."

       

      To show support for the Chinese KF group who are working on attaining lift, let's use this area to post pictures of all the running Star Formation reactors created by knowledge seekers from around the world! 

      Here is the Facebook Album with all the pics: 

      https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.1816233461817740.1073741834.126388777468892&type=1&l=f09862a8dd

    • July 9, 2018 2:18 PM CEST
    • Position, has nothing to do with imposition, although you might merge the two perceptions in one Ego. Looking at it from the outside, it will be the position. Just a simple placement. According to YOUR ego, feeling the pull of the position of the planet that stands in front of you, you shall feel the gravitational pull as imposition. Looking at it from the inside, you shall experience a simple limitation to your tropism and understanding according to the unbalanced field that does not enable your conscience to reach a higher awareness. Since, your position is a common one, due to speculations based on mirrored equal/different directions of singular vectors, you shall miss curvature. "One day a monk, met God in person, and guess what he told him..... Your Ego is too Vast...". ( according to his own position of course....), but going back to the answer you were looking for, just read about the mutaforma and metaforma shifting realities. Since your 3D understanding, is a fixed basis rigid one, it will not give you a single chance to reach curvature, even if you spin up your balls according to..... You may criticize people, and speak about humility, humbleness and arrogance, and destruction, and it is still your perception that built this reactor. You decided to put on top of your reactor a destruction gans, and arrogance, which are gravitational, and the abstract ones of humility, which is magnetical, and humbleness, which carries together with its position, rejection, so, another gravirational prejudice based field. Your reactor shall not be stable. You shall crash, falling back to your planet, because of a disharmonic structural defect. I am so sorry you had to write this answer to me. And thank you for the teaching on prejudice that you just made. You have not perceived the intention, and not focused your attention on the |0| absolute value of the concepts i shared with you. But giving us this opportunity we both shared mundane speculation based on interference. The problem of a judging god, is irrelevant to harmony. Power is nothing, but a will, separated from the Force. I do not answer to you when you reply in such a way to me, but to conscience. I am not teaching you anything. You decide how to make good use or reject the gifts that someone is sharing with you. So spend 240 hours teaching us what you have understood in the next few days, and we shall thank you for your work. Wrong positioning and wrong ganses, do not help.

      Shielding, speed, frequency, density, mixture of fluxes, vibrations, interferences, temperature, magnetic flux, gravitational pull, intent and etheric fields, environment and dynamic shifting alterations, not considered into your reactor's equation, will create greater problems than shape itself or disposition variables. I do not teach, in fact. I position.

      Now you shall reconsider the impact of these variables and vectors in your future drawings and models.
      I shall not speak about the other 24 missing from the list I just gave You, since I suppose that You did not read and study attentively "Vymanika Shastra" as I adviced You to do.

      Adequacy, the quality or state of being adequate, makes professionals inadequate to meet the paradigm shift that is required to enter the Multiversal Vision. Monolateral vision, express itself better in a dualistic world, that is the essence of the Empire. Dividi et Impera. Thumbs up, Thumbs down, is in fact the limit of the social media speculations, based on sentence, comment, negative opinion, that adds zero content, and keeps things spinning right where they are, just going nowhere..... because of the lack of information, maturity and awareness of the passive majority.  You shall not meet nuclear engineers in space, but plasmatic hairdressers. Ask Mr.Keshe, I am shure he will give you the same answer. 

      Jedi Simon With Love.

      Smile, enjoy life and share freely what you are from your heart with no fear of inadequacy.
      This, I bet, in so many ways, is what you always felt, and the reason why you came here today, looking for an answer.

       

       

       

      I really cant's stand having to climb all these stairs to reach the kitchen and have a sandwich, three times a day. ( even if it is a plasmatic one )

      Why didn't the starship designer place the kitchen on level Zero? I hope He was not thinking about opening the first space restaurant of the quadrant

      at that time, because sometimes I get a little space sick, and toilets are one deck below.

       

    • July 3, 2018 6:55 AM CEST
    • Jedi my friend you need to take a closer look at your personality and adequacy in life. I`m sure you think highly of yourself, but please don`t impose that on people around you. Especially by placing irrelevant to the topic information. I know you feel this information to be very important (to you) and you feel obligated to enlighten us with your deep knowledge and understanding. Nevertheless in the path of every truth seeker, and knowledge seeker there is a time when the spiritual ego pops in and you think you have reached enlightenment only to fall hard on your ass. Then you learn a bit about humility and humbleness. There are few things I don`t like in people and one of them is arrogance. Spiritual arrogance is amongst the first that can destroy your soul and bring involution rather than evolution. 
      You might think why am I writing this. Well, we see its a chit-chat place here already. I actually expected someone to have a comment on the spaceship design that I posted and review it from plasma standpoint to have a better discussion and find knowledge in each other. Pitty I find a guy that wants to enlighten me and show me how enlightened he is himself. Peace love and harmony should not be simply words that get imposed by someone believing he reached those states. 
      I really do hope you understand. 

       

    • June 29, 2018 8:50 PM CEST
    • The problem with subtle worlds, and their recognition, does not realte to the fact that you cannot see most of them, because they are invisible to the physycal eye

      in the density of matter, but because, by perceiving something other than what materialism and dogmatism taught, you shall have to face paradox

      because of your limited vision and dualistic mind, in fact, transformed into a binary code optative one since childhood.

      This, uni verse, exclusive reality, controlled throught a spell, renewed constantly through media and culture, holds back the entire multiverse

      from pouring into this limited perception. So, seers and believers, mediums and poets, artists and creative peolple, share the same solitude

      and impossibility to share the immensity of what they feel, with others, with words that feel empty.

      Not been able to reach them, in some way, they will try to share through their own spiritual perception, art, to bring light where darkness brought shadow.

       

      Since, we are talking about entering the invisible dimensions, beacause our density amounts only to 1 percent of what we can see in the cosmos,

      we shall have to face this problem sooner or later. This is why we called every winged creature of the sky, Angel, or even God. Undestranding

      through physicality, when we found out that they ha blood in their veins and could be killed, we decided that they were no Gods anymore,

      again, lacking imagination, because there exist innnumerable creatures that do not need a liquid or fluid transfer of energy and gases to survive.

       

      So, we called them Gods, but soon found out that because of hteir interest into materiality and attraction to it, they were not Gods at all.

      Alien Creaturess, as it happens to be, from all over the multiverse, share subtile bodies, although only a few, go for materiality and exercises of this kind.

      This is what I call the Misery of man, although no original sin, from the point of view of originality, is nothing special in the Multiverse, and it does not start

      with the origin of a position, but rather, as soon as the consequences of actions are created, from karma. Samskara, is the answer.

       

      Bardo,a way to format the spirit that failed before he has to reincarnate again and live a condition that will teach it equilibrium and harmony.

      So, even if we are talking about starships, fallen angels and the genesis, we shall face in a short time, the mistery of creation, to such and extent,

      that many will hyde away, not to see, and will shut their eyes and senses to change. It is a matter of vibration, related to refresh.

      It's no one's fault, but ours, since presence, is a state of mind. Chance Gardner told us this, and walked on the water.

      So, if I told you that Pandora's myth teaches us to fear Gods,  but there is nothing wrong with the multiverse,

      this means that some So called God introduced poisen in the jar because of Prometheus' theft of the secret of fire.

      Human resentment apparently, prooving once for all that even if blood does not run in their veins, theese Gods were quite limited in undestanding

      field positioning and Harmony.

       

      Quote wiki:

      In Greek mythology, Pandora (Greek: Πανδώρα, derived from πᾶν, pān, i.e. "all" and δῶρον, dōron, i.e. "gift", thus "the all-endowed", "all-gifted" or "all-giving" was the first human woman created by the gods, specifically by Hephaestus and Athena on the instructions of Zeus. As Hesiod related it, each god helped create her by giving her unique gifts. Zeus ordered Hephaestus to mold her out of earth as part of the punishment of humanity for Prometheus' theft of the secret of fire, and all the gods joined in offering her "seductive gifts". Her other name—inscribed against her figure on a white-ground kylix in the British Museum—is Anesidora (Ancient Greek: Ἀνησιδώρα), "she who sends up gifts"(up implying "from below" within the earth).

      The Pandora myth is a kind of theodicy, addressing the question of why there is evil in the world. According to this, Pandora opened a jar (pithos), in modern accounts sometimes mistranslated as "Pandora's box", releasing all the evils of humanity. Hesiod’s interpretation of Pandora’s story, which is widely considered as misogynous, went on to influence both Jewish and Christian theology and so perpetuated her bad reputation into the Renaissance.

       

      So to speak, when I share my thoughts with you, explanations and teachins, I hope you will not react to them closing your mind and sticking prejudice on me.

      It would make the only difference that you wasted or lost the chance to see and understand this principle today.

      Then, beacause your greatest fear of all is death, I am going to show you that you must not fear tomorrow's clothes, and you shall excersise your soul

      for a very long time to come, without dying.

       

      Masters, taught us that life is eternal, but to us, their teachings, in science and faith, are unreachable.

      Metaphysically speaking, so distant and abstrac,t from our actual point of view, that we cannot ccop with such a kind of ideas, without going crazy,

      and rejecting them instantaneusly.

       

      If we are not able to see or sense even our subtile bodies, how will we ever have a chance to see the magnificence of creation?

       

      I shall take you one step further today, so, just try to sense the meaning of what I am sharing with you freely.

      Before even reaching the sky, in my Star Ship, "Conscience", as I called it, that you saw some post ago, ( the one that has the simplest shape of all, a Sephiroth )

      I had to encounter what the bardo explains, and meet the beeings of the different planes, thanking them for their teachings and the opportunity to sense them with respect.

       

      Although you shall find detailed explanations in the Vedic Culture, tTibetan Bardo and Egyptian papyrus, plenty more explained us, continuosly, these concepts

      throughout history. We just missed them time and time again. I am no prophet. I am not a medium. A messanger, maybe, and apologize for the purity

      of what I have to show you today. It is called Rebirth, in some way, and it is your conscience that will tell you all about it. Meditate, and go deeper.

       

      He who understands the vision, that appeared in front of my eyes, and is able to fix his Conscience in that position, will be free.

      We come and go. We never die. But if we want to reach the sky, we shall have to do it respectfully. Work on our limits and position, to elevate our souls.

       

      May the Force be with you. The Force to understand, The Force to be, The Force to Love and share.


      Jedi Simon

       

           

       

       

      Jedi Simon 

       

       

       

    • June 29, 2018 12:59 PM CEST
    •  

      Once you reach this kind of fields, you are free.

      Unfortunately, lower fields, sometimes are so dense and strong, that will limit your ships.

      Even is the solution seems to be a plasmatic one, if you are not aware of what is happening to you

      or you have no idea how to face a certain vibration, this will crack your shell.

      Density issues can be solved. Vibrational ones, need time to shift to a higher level of conscience.

      It took me quite a few months to reach the purity level needed. An entire lifetime dedicated to harmony,

      music, sound and inter relation of invisible fields into organized and ordered compositions.

      In so many ways transmutation is my job, mathemagically speaking. Contrappunto.

      I will show you some day the scratched image of the limit of our body. Shape bag.

      Dreams, filter through body quite easily. Astral takes time. Etheric, even more. Pure Awareness a long long time.

      Illumination and shaktipat are not reachable at will. Exercise and discipline might help. Whenever you question yourself 

      if I am talking aout physical or metaphysical concepts, remember that there is no such subdivision.

      Not knowing what to do with some object, knowledge or device, is in fact direct consequence of not being able to

      find out what it's purpose is. So, do not touch until you learn. This is called Multiversal respect.

      It is a law, in the sense that who does not follow common sense, will pay for its own mistakes.

      Once we shall see, the monkey within ourselves, will try to copy and reverse engineer everything it can.

      Too bad. What resonates with other beings seldom resonates with our needs.

      And please, do not believe that up there you can bring with you mirrors and a barrel of shinig stones of no value.

       

       

    • June 29, 2018 11:13 AM CEST
    • Thank You for uploading back the posts that disappeared. Note that today, only 3 lines of text appear in the home page of the first page. Whenever you press "more", nothing happens, because the text has been cut in 3, and two thirds of it are nowhere. I hope this is again a bug. Someone is still working with structural values and introducing disergy. Please, enable usual "more" command, and find out where LOKI is hyding.

      Ship design, as I found out some time ago, is something that we see in a fixed materiality world, as the shape of an object, in which we enclose identificatio.

      During my travels, I met quite a few races and starships that use "Metaforma" or " Mutaforma" ones.

      This concept, unfortunately, makes our vision quite antiquated. Etheric, Plasmatic and liquid or gaseus ships of this kind, do not meet the needs

      we have been looking for until now. Shells, allow to generate such a protectin evironement, that hardness is not required anymore. Rigidity, so,

      will turn to be a limit, more that an asset. Suspensions, are in fact our solution to a planar 2D world, that introduces 3D varables.

      We flattened down earth building cities, with tar and concrete, because of our stupidity. They are all laughing out there. 

      Plasmatic suspensions, are the next step. Let's go Air as soon as possible and enter flux dynamic interactive systems to move around.

      Thanks.

       

       

    • June 27, 2018 7:11 PM CEST
    •  

      "Conscience Star Ship". This is a primitive ship, of course, but nevertheless, the first one you will ever attempt to create,

      and try one day, eventually, if you venture into space. Light as a bubble, floating in the void.... in some way, makes you feel

      loneliness to such an extent, that you will thank and welcome gladly any creature you will meet even if it has 14 legs, and keeps shaking its head

      from one side to another..... then, you will feel the vastity of creation and the misery of man.

      So, take care. Soul travellers might make it, but Starmen shall have to work hard to center their position within their heart,

      flow, mental harmony, presence and purity. I believe that a month at sea would help a lot. Meditation, pranayama, 

      and some time spent developing spiritual gifts, soul and arts to balance condition, insight, intuition and creativity.

       

      That's me taking a nap in my Starship. I know it's quite a tiny one, but it is the first I made, so don't laugh please.

      Jedi Simon

       

       

    • June 27, 2018 6:34 PM CEST
    •  

      So, this is the picture I took. The problem with us, is that we do not believe in Dragons nowadays, even if we know dinosaurs exist,

      and they do exist. I shot this picture from my "Star Ship Conscience". I made it in the shape of a Sephiroth. The easiest one we can think about.

      Bubbles of conscience, everywhere in the Multiverse. We look for ourselves all the time, that's why we call it UNI.... but verse, direction, flow,

      does not follow the path ego wants it to. Multiversal Conscience, goes far beyond our point of view.

      These are the remains of a Dragon, or some sort of Mutaforma Ship that was disabled.

      The Alien Craft you can see on the right side, is the one that was investigating and studying what happened.

      Once disabled, the Dragon Ship, stopped changing shape, whilst the other, even if parked on the ground, kept shifting.

      You don't need to add any comments to this, because I still do not believe in my multiversal eyes....

      and fortunately, I took some pictures for you, just in case you start going crazy too, if someday you see creatures,

      beings, etc.... etc... floating in the air... which is something that is going to happen to you in a short time.....

       

      I invited them, since you did not reply.

       

      So, now I understand that Orbs, should be primitive starships, which show inner conscience, instead of reflecting outer light or reflections.

      Orbs vibrate around 1/40000 to 1/100000 of a second. You will see them if you synchronize your strobo light on that frequency, if they are passing by.

       

      Jedi Simon

       

       

       

       

       

    • June 27, 2018 6:02 PM CEST
    •  

      This is what I was talking about. It is not a starship, but an Alien craft. This is going to shock you.

      Space Travellers and ExoExplorators shall meet all this, and much more.

       

      I must say, that I encountered a problem with Mutaforma, because of their shifting shape.

      Wet think about a particular structure, architecture, drawing, and stick to it.

      What about a shifting and alive one that keeps interacting with envoronement and changing shape?

      I was not able to hold such rapid transient encounter in mind, and a dozen pictures would not help.

      So, our materialistic position, has a limitation. It is quite disturbing from this point of view.

      We are still too stiff to exercise ourselves in the multiverse.

      But shall make it some day. We should try to enter the flux.

      Does anyone want to try to create a Transformer? Or a "Mutaforma"?

       

      Jedi Simon

       

       

    • June 27, 2018 5:43 PM CEST
    •  

      This is an internal view of a Far Traveller Starship. I guess you shall try to reverse engineer it. I tryed hard to regenerate it, but the most

      difficult part of it has been trying to create it in its environement; a transparent universe.

      It took me quite a few hours to work it out usyng equations, curves, and fractal artificial intelligence.

      No wonder, it is a wonder..... but some real ones, I assure you, do not look as nice as this one, in the real worlds....

       

      Jedi Simon

       

       

    • June 27, 2018 5:34 PM CEST
    • Humanized vision of a Far Traveller Starship. Internal view. This one has been corrected speaking about a chromatic perception problem we

      will meet in space, towards green or blue purple sides of the spectrum. It should look like this one downstairs. I saw quite a few of them.

      I am trying to regenerate memories and details. Took some pictures, but you are not ready for them. So we shall wait....

       

      Jedi Simon

       

    • June 27, 2018 5:28 PM CEST
    • This is a rendering of a "Far Traveller Starship". This is the internal image of the central core towards external worlds.

      Hope you like it. Positioning of reactors, is not a fixed one, although, resonant principle and size, distances, surface and measures, should create a resonant space.

      Merkhabah shows a double system. Two opposite systems, one into the other, merged on the same axis and spinning in opposite directions.

      Try to draw one. But remember that the cores should all spin, which makes 4 + 4 + top one + lower one + ship

      11 total spinning system, and it has to hold...... because it will shake........

       

      Jedi Simon

       

    • May 21, 2018 10:00 AM CEST
    • Well, I tried :)

       

       

    • May 18, 2018 1:42 PM CEST
    • In a few words. I have decided to use the following symbols: 
      + is field strength -  
      Purple is the direction of the magnetic field 
      yellow is the interaction between the bottom reactors 
      green is the barrier 

      I know it looks pretty simple and familiar but I think there is something to the Idea that Mr Keshe reviewed in the workshop again. What I understood is that if the center of the topmost reactor inner core has a + field strength and the bottom 3 reactors outer cores have higher, this will lead the fields to the direction of the weaker demanding core. 

      Also, in order for the 3 bottom reactors to have the needed interaction between themselves we follow the same principles and that is why they all have a difference in the outer core field strength so : ++; +++; ++++ and one+ field strength inside. 

      Another important element is that the barrier with a field strength of 6+ because it has to be stronger as well so that the fields from the bottom 3 reactors aim for the topmost reactor but continuously feedback bouncing from the barrier. 

      Maybe its not very well illustrated but we have to have a connection between the elements with corresponding materials. 

      I am still wondering how exactly to achieve different field strength with the same materials? Do we go by mass ratio or  ...?
      I`ll be very grateful for your comments to learn together. 

    • May 18, 2018 1:32 PM CEST
    • Hello peace family. I`ve decided to draw my understanding for the spaceship that came after the 224th KSW. 
      Here is it in humble understanding. 

    • May 29, 2018 8:11 PM CEST
    • In this your illustration the spinning part has coupled an electric motor to spin?

    • May 29, 2018 8:09 PM CEST
    • Before doing something so complex, it is important to fix the idea in the practice of plasma interaction.

      A simpler example must be worked out, whose demonstration may make theory a definite fact.

    • May 28, 2018 6:16 PM CEST
    • There are many videos in which the nuclear / plasma engineer sr. Keshe talks about the interaction of the gravitational magnetic field, which under given conditions are capable of moving an object, including levitating it.

       

      Is there any summary of the keshe foundation or some good soul in this forum, saying what I need to have to do a minimal experience in my house / yard to understand the principle of movement and levitation in practice?

       

      It could be a drawing, a simple video, explaining about the engineering part of this important discovery, achieved after much study and intelligence of mr. Keshe, whom I thank for sharing.

       

       

      Thank you and I count on your help.

    • May 12, 2018 6:06 PM CEST
    • Hi Scott,

      What is your timezone?

       

    • May 5, 2018 6:45 AM CEST
    • the point is to work on the fields only.

      multi-core plasma reactors are created by the interaction of similar strength fields. this is why mr. Keshe explained at the end of the 220th teaching about the the 6-sided capture kit with the metals and nc-cu.

      a new idea: lets use the magrav coil setup, but replace some of the wires with different metals.

      we need at least one nc-cu coil for the gravitational field, and the other three metals: cu, zn-fe and zn for the other coils.

      finally nc-cu plate or other nc plate for shielding from earth as baseline.

      next put the "empty" ball in the center.

      add some moisture generator in surrounding of the whole setup.

      wait.

      the point is to have a strong 6-1 field in the ball, which when ready can be used as next base for scaffolding.

      indra's net, serpienski triangle...